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Fuzi Miao, the Confucian Temple

Confucius (551 BCE-479 BCE) was the founder of Confucianism. A year after his death the temple is built, adapting his old residence to celebrate commemorative ceremonies each year. Since the Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 BCE) all feudal dynasties incessantly rebuilt and widened the Confucian Temple with the purpose of spreading the thinking of the master.

Currently, the Confucian Temple occupies nearly 22 hectares, with 466 rooms and 9 courtyards. The longitudinal axis crosses the entire temple with lateral symmetry, a well built distribution, and a majestic style. In the temple, several stelas and bas-reliefs in stone are also preserved, which are valuable materials for the study of China’s ancient writing, culture, and art.

East of the Confucian Temple is located the residence of Confucius's Family. It was the house of his descendants. In the residence many historic archives are kept, treasures from old times, finery and utensils from various dynasties. The Confucian Forest is located one kilometer from the capital of the Qufu District. It is the cemetery of Confucius and his relatives. There are more than one hundred tombs, all belonging to descendants of Confucius. His lineal descendants were buried until the 76th generation without interruption during more than 2,000 years. As a family cemetery, it is rare in the world for its antiquity and its good condition.

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