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China is a cultural region and ancient civilization in East Asia. China refers to one of the world's oldest civilizations, comprised of states and cultures dating back more than six millennia. The stalemate of the last Chinese Civil War following World War II has resulted in two separate states using the name China, the People's Republic of China PRC, administering mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau and the Republic of China ROC, administering Taiwan and its surrounding islands.

Nanjing is the capital of China's Jiangsu province and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. Nanjing has served as the capital of China during several historical periods, and is listed as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.

Nanjing is one of the earliest established cities in the southern China area. Nanjing first became a capital in 229 AD, Anno Domini where Sun Quan of the Wu Kingdom during the three kingdoms period relocated its capital to Jianye. A city he extended on the basis of Jinling Yi in 211 AD. After the invasion of the Five Hu, the nobles and wealthies of Jin Dynasty escaped across the Yangtze River and established Nanjing as the capital, which was then called Jiankang. Since then Jiankang remained as the capital of Southern China during the North-South Division period, until Sui Dynasty reunified China and destroyed the entire city, turning it into farmland.

The total population of the City of Nanjing reached 6.24 million in 2000. The statistic in 2004 estimated the total population to be 6.40 million. Nanjingcity represents one of the oldest civilizations. This city is surrounded by mountains which makes it very beautiful. The city is also developing in various fields. The city is developing to be a strong industrial unit with plenty of tourism. Nanjing city has grown in the phase of modernization over a period of time.

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