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China is a cultural region and ancient civilization in East Asia. China refers to one of the world's oldest civilizations, comprised of states and cultures dating back more than six millennia. The stalemate of the last Chinese Civil War following World War II has resulted in two separate states using the name China, the People's Republic of China PRC, administering mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau and the Republic of China ROC, administering Taiwan and its surrounding islands.
Hongcun is a village in Yixian County, Anhui province, located near the southwest slope of Mount Huangshan, in China. The village is arranged in the shape of an ox: a nearby hill is interpreted as the head and two trees standing on it mark the horns. Four bridges across the Jiyin stream can be seen as the legs and the houses of the village form the body. Inside the body, the Jiyin stream can be seen as the intestines and the lakes such as the South Lake as the stomachs.
The architecture and carvings of the 150 residences dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties are said to be among the best of its kind in China. One of the biggest of the residences open to visitors, Chenzhi Hall, also contains a small residence museum. Together with Xidi it was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. Hongcun also was a location at which the film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was shot. Since then, tourism has dramatically increased.

Hongcun is also known as the town of best geographical environment and has traced its origins back to prehistoric times. Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and can also enjoy its natural beauty concealed by the beautiful landscapes.

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