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China is a cultural region and ancient civilization in East Asia. China refers to one of the world's oldest civilizations, comprised of states and cultures dating back more than six millennia. The stalemate of the last Chinese Civil War following World War II has resulted in two separate states using the name China, the People's Republic of China PRC, administering mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau and the Republic of China ROC, administering Taiwan and its surrounding islands.
Human settlement in the Harbin area dates from at least 2200 BC, Before Christ. It is formerly Pinkiang. The modern city of Harbin originated in 1898 from a small village, with the start of the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway by Russia, an extension of the Trans-Siberian railroad, shortcutting substantially the distance to Vladivostok and creating a link to the port city of Dairen and the Russian Naval Base Port Arthur.
Harbin is a sub-provincial city and the capital of the Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China. It lies on the southern bank of Songhua River. Harbin is a thriving industrial city. It is also the political, economic, scientific, cultural and communicational mecca of Northeast China. Harbin is known as one of the major cities in China and Northeast Asia. According to the 2005 census, population was 9,462,300, and area is 5,3775 square kilometers.
Harbin today is still very much influenced by its Russian past. A city once under Russian rule, it is now a center of trade with that country. The influence of Russia came with the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, and Harbin, known formerly as a fishing village began to prosper as the largest commercial, economical center of North Eastern Asia.
The local cuisine in Harbin is also Russian-influenced. Harbin's bakeries are famous for their bread. Harbin's sausages are another notable product, in that they tend to be of a much more European flavour than other Chinese sausages.

A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages, Harbin is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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