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China, an East Asian country is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It has a vast cultural history of more than five thousand years and an outstanding natural beauty. On the other hand, this country has remained a comparatively isolated and secluded one, and being a land of mystery, this country is not known to the western half of the world. However, China is rapidly developing and has grown in the phase of modernization, with an immense speed and is also welcoming the outer world to interact and do business with them.
Golmud is a county-level city of Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province, China. Golmud covers a total area of 124,500 square kilometers. This includes an urban area of 72 square kilometers. It is located in the central-south part of the Qaidam Basin. Around the city are more than 20 salt lakes, big and small. As of 1999, the population of the total area of Golmud is approximately 200,000, the town has 130,000 inhabitants.
Due to its location, Golmud is abound with natural resources from nearby salt lakes. Thus, industries involving salt lake chemicals have sprung up. Qarham Salt Lake to the northeast of Golmud proper boasts an area of 5,856 square kilometers, making it the biggest inland salt lake in the world.
Golmud also possesses natural gas reserves of 1 trillion cube meters plus over 50 varieties of minerals like gold, copper, jade and precious stones, lead, and zinc. Other important industries in Golmud include petrochemicals, oil refineries, and gas fields. Statistics for 2001 show that the city's nominal GDP, Gross Domestic Product totalled 2.213 billion yuan, a rise of 31.9 percent from the previous year and the highest growth rate since 1990. Golmud is planned to become China's salt lake city.

Golmud lies along the Qingzang railway, a 1956 kilometers railroad that starts from Xining and ends at Lhasa. The Golmud-Lhasa section of 1,142 kilometers was the last and most challenging part of the Qingzang railway to be completed. Golmud is also said to be as the town of best geographical environment and can trace its origins back to prehistoric times. Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and pursue enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace.

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