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China, an East Asian country is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It has a vast cultural history of more than five thousand years and an outstanding natural beauty. On the other hand, this country has remained a comparatively isolated and secluded one, and being a land of mystery, this country is not known to the western half of the world. However, China is rapidly developing and has grown in the phase of modernization, with an immense speed and is also welcoming the outer world to interact and do business with them.
Chongqing is the largest and most populous of the People's Republic of China's four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. The municipality of Chongqing has a registered population of 31,442,300 as of 2005, with most of them living outside the urban area of Chongqing proper, over hundreds of square kilometers of farmland. The population of the urban area of Chongqing proper was 12.057 million in 2005, making it the 3rd largest city in China in terms of population.
Chongqing was also a municipality of the old Republic of China. Its abbreviated name is derived from the old name of a part of the Jialing River that runs through Chongqing and feeds the Yangtze. Chongqing was the provisional capital of the government of Chiang Kai-shek during the second Chinese-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945 and was heavily bombed by the Japanese air force, called bombing of Chongqing. It holds the distinction of being the most bombed city in history. In 1954, the municipality was reduced to a provincial city of the People's Republic.
For three years, Chongqing had been a sub-provincial city of Sichuan province, until March 14, 1997, as decided in the eighth national people's congress, the original Chongqing. Chongqing is rich in natural resources, with more than 40 kinds of minerals. Its coal reserves are estimated to be 4.8 billion tonnes. The Chuandong natural gas field in Chongqing is China's largest inland production base of natural gas, with deposits of 270 billion, accounting for more than one-fifth of China's total.

Chongqing can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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