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Songyue Temple Pagoda

China, an East Asian country is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It has a vast cultural history of more than five thousand years and an outstanding natural beauty. On the other hand, this country has remained a comparatively isolated and secluded one, and being a land of mystery, this country is not known to the western half of the world. However, China is rapidly developing and has grown in the phase of modernization, with an immense speed and is also welcoming the outer world to interact and do business with them.
The Songyue Temple Pagoda, located at the south foot of Songshan Mountain, is 7 kilometers northwest to Dengfeng County in Henan Province. The pagoda is surrounded by hills and is the oldest Buddhist pagoda made with bricks with dense eaves. The Songyue Temple was originally named as the Xianj or leisure residence Temple. It was the summer or winter palace for Emperors Xuanwu and Xiaoming in the Northern Wei Dynasty. As Buddhism was canonized the palace was changed to a temple. There are more than 700 monks and over one thousand rooms. In the early Tang Dynasty, the temple got the present name and was expanded several times.
Among the original buildings, only the pagoda survived today. Other buildings, such as the Temple Gate, the Great Hall, the Samghrma Hall, the Civilian Hall and others, were all added in the Qing Dynasty. The pagoda was built during the Zhengguang reign in the Northern Wei Dynasty with a history of over 1,400 years. It is 40 meters tall and the plane is a dodecagon, a 12 sided structure, with a circumference of 33 meters. The outer is divided into 15 layers with dense eaves and the inner 10 layers. On the four walls of the pagoda, there are doors. There is a shrine on each of the eight walls. The shrine has colored Buddhist frescos preserved inside. The whole pagoda is in the shape of parabolic curve with clear and smooth lines. Not only its artistic structure is at a very high level, but also its construction techniques are quite accurate.
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