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Confucius Temple

China, an East Asian country is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It has a vast cultural history of more than five thousand years and an outstanding natural beauty. On the other hand, this country has remained a comparatively isolated and secluded one, and being a land of mystery, this country is not known to the western half of the world. However, China is rapidly developing and has grown in the phase of modernization, with an immense speed and is also welcoming the outer world to interact and do business with them.
The Confucius Temple is the most famous and the largest, located inside the south gate of Qufu, Shandong. The Temple started as three houses in the year of 478 BC, Before Christ, and grew to have 466 rooms and 54 gateways covering an area of 218,000 square meters or 2,346,609 square feet. The Gate to the Temple was named Lingxing, the legendary star of literacy, Gate. Patterned after a royal palace, it is divided into nine courtyards. The main buildings run along a north to south axis, with the attached buildings symmetrically in line. The whole group includes three halls, one pavilion, one altar, and three ancestral temples. The yellow tiles and red walls all covered with delicate decoration make the Temple extremely grand.
After the Great Sage Gate or Dasheng Men, the buildings are divided into three parts. There are rich cultural relics of 2100 pieces of steles making a fine exhibition of calligraphy and stone sculpture. The richest and most representative of the Temple's beautiful architecture are the Dacheng Hall, the main hall of the Temple, which is at its core. The highest building in the Temple, it is also one of the three largest ancient halls in China. Dacheng which means Master of great achievement has stone columns with bas-relief of clouds and dragons in front.
Located in front of the Dacheng Hall, the Apricot Terrace or Xingtan is where Confucius used to give lectures to his disciples. The terraced Altar is surrounded by red fences with hills behind them. The famous wooden Kuiwen Pavilion, a library, is in the middle of the Temple pavilion. 

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